SSM整合开发实战-poi导入导出excel-尾声

     前面介绍了ssm框架的整合开发以及后端接口部分的实现(如今对这些接口有了新的变动以及优化),本文将整合前端框架jquery-easyui来实现前后端接口的对接,更加直接的展示poi导入导出excel的效果。(视频教程地址:https://edu.csdn.net/course/detail/8894  欢迎支持!!)

     对于easyui,除了页面的内容展示以及样式排版外,主要的责任在于请求后端接口拿到数据并填充到相应的页面位置中。其中的接口就包括:获取数据列表,搜索,导出数据,导入数据。

     为了展示效果,我结合了企业实际项目中的实际业务模块,就用“产品信息列表”来进行演示。页面起名为product.jsp,并在web.xml将其作为welcome-list的欢迎页面中:

<welcome-file-list>
		<!-- <welcome-file>login.jsp</welcome-file> -->
		<welcome-file>product.jsp</welcome-file>
	</welcome-file-list>

      具体的页面代码都在下面了,包括:如果获取数据列表并填充到easyui的datagrid,导出数据到excel,打开对话框上传excel文件导入数据等等:

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
<c:set var="ctx" value="${pageContext.request.contextPath}" ></c:set>
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="${ctx}/jquery-easyui-1.3.3/themes/default/easyui.css">
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="${ctx}/jquery-easyui-1.3.3/themes/icon.css">
<script type="text/javascript" src="${ctx}/jquery-easyui-1.3.3/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="${ctx}/jquery-easyui-1.3.3/jquery.easyui.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="${ctx}/jquery-easyui-1.3.3/locale/easyui-lang-zh_CN.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
 
 
 function searchProduct(){
	 $("#dg").datagrid('load',{
		"name":$("#s_productName").val() 
	 });
 }
 
 function exportProduct(){
	 window.location.href="${ctx}/product/excel/export.do";
 }

 function openUploadFileDialog(){  
     $("#dlg2").dialog('open').dialog('setTitle','excel批量导入数据');  
 }
 
 function uploadExcel(){
     $("#uploadForm").form("submit",{  
         success:function(result){  
             var result=eval('('+result+')');
             if(result.code!=0){  
                 $.messager.alert("系统提示",result.msg);  
             }else{  
                 $.messager.alert("系统提示","上传成功");  
                 $("#dlg2").dialog("close");  
                 $("#dg").datagrid("reload");  
             }  
         }  
     });  
 }  
 
</script>
<title>Insert title here</title>
</head>
<body style="margin: 1px">
 <%-- <table id="dg" title="产品信息查询" class="easyui-datagrid" fitColumns="true" pagination="true" rownumbers="true" 
 		url="${ctx}/poi/list.do" method="get" fit="true" toolbar="#tb"> --%>
 		
   <table id="dg" title="产品信息列表" class="easyui-datagrid" fitColumns="true" pagination="true" rownumbers="true" 
 		fit="true" toolbar="#tb" data-options="singleSelect:true,collapsible:true,url:'${ctx}/product/list.do',method:'get'" >
   <thead>
   	<tr>
   		<th field="cb" checkbox="true" align="center"></th>
   		
   		<th data-options="field:'id',width:50">编号</th>
   		<th data-options="field:'name',width:200">产品名称</th>
   		<th data-options="field:'unit',width:50">单位</th>
   		<th data-options="field:'price',width:80">价格</th>
   		<th data-options="field:'stock',width:80">库存</th>
   		<th data-options="field:'remark',width:200">备注</th>
   		<th data-options="field:'purchaseDate',width:100">采购日期</th>
   	</tr>
   </thead>
 </table>
 <div id="tb">
 	<div>
 		 产品名称: <input type="text" id="s_productName" size="20" οnkeydοwn="if(event.keyCode==13) searchProduct()"/>
 		<a href="javascript:searchProduct()" class="easyui-linkbutton" iconCls="icon-search" plain="true">搜索</a>
 		<a href="javascript:exportProduct()" class="easyui-linkbutton" iconCls="icon-search" plain="true">导出excel</a>
 		<a href="javascript:void(0)" class="easyui-linkbutton" iconCls="icon-add" plain="true" οnclick="openUploadFileDialog()">导入excel</a> 
 	</div>
 </div>
 
 
 
<div id="dlg2" class="easyui-dialog" style="width:400px;height:180px;padding:10px 20px" closed="true" buttons="#dlg-buttons2">  
    <form id="uploadForm" action="${ctx}/product/excel/upload.do" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data" >  
        <table>  
            <!-- <tr>  
                <td>下载模版:</td>  
                <td><a href="javascript:void(0)" class="easyui-linkbutton"  οnclick="downloadTemplate()">下载模板文件</a></td>  
            </tr>   -->
            <tr>  
                <td>上传文件:</td>  
                <td><input type="file" name="productFile"></td>  
            </tr>  
        </table>  
    </form>  
</div>  
  
<div id="dlg-buttons2">  
    <a href="javascript:void(0)" class="easyui-linkbutton" iconCls="icon-ok" οnclick="uploadExcel()">上传excel</a>  
    <a href="javascript:void(0)" class="easyui-linkbutton" iconCls="icon-cancel" οnclick="javascript:$('#dlg2').dialog('close')">关闭</a>  
</div>  
</body>
</html>

    在这里,后端新增了一个ProductController控制器,用于对接上面页面的请求接口,具体代码如下:

package com.debug.steadyjack.controller;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import org.apache.commons.lang.StringUtils;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFWorkbook;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Workbook;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.http.MediaType;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;
import org.springframework.web.multipart.MultipartFile;
import org.springframework.web.multipart.MultipartHttpServletRequest;

import com.debug.steadyjack.dto.BaseResponse;
import com.debug.steadyjack.enums.StatusCode;
import com.debug.steadyjack.enums.WorkBookVersion;
import com.debug.steadyjack.mapper.ProductMapper;
import com.debug.steadyjack.model.Product;
import com.debug.steadyjack.service.PoiService;
import com.debug.steadyjack.service.ProductService;
import com.debug.steadyjack.utils.ExcelBeanUtil;
import com.debug.steadyjack.utils.ExcelUtil;
import com.debug.steadyjack.utils.WebUtil;

@Controller
public class ProductController {

	private static final Logger log=LoggerFactory.getLogger(ProductController.class);

	private static final String prefix="product";
	
	@Value("${poi.excel.sheet.name}")
	private String sheetProductName;
	
	@Value("${poi.excel.file.name}")
	private String excelProductName;
	
	@Autowired
	private ProductMapper productMapper;
	
	@Autowired
	private PoiService poiService;
	
	@Autowired
	private ProductService productService;
	
	/**
	 * 获取产品列表
	 * @param name
	 * @return
	 */
	@RequestMapping(value=prefix+"/list",method=RequestMethod.GET)
	@ResponseBody
	public List<Product> list(String name){
		List<Product> products=new ArrayList<Product>();
		try {
			products=productMapper.selectAll(name);
		} catch (Exception e) {
			log.error("获取产品列表发生异常: ",e.fillInStackTrace());
		}
		
		return products;
	}

	/**
	 * 导出excel
	 * @param response
	 * @return
	 */
	@RequestMapping(value=prefix+"/excel/export",method=RequestMethod.GET)
	public @ResponseBody String exportExcel(HttpServletResponse response,String search){
		try {
			List<Product> products=productMapper.selectAll(search);
			String[] headers=new String[]{"id编号","名称","单位","单价","库存量","采购日期","备注信息"};
			List<Map<Integer, Object>> dataList=ExcelBeanUtil.manageProductList(products);
			log.info("excel下载填充数据: {} ",dataList);
			
			Workbook wb=new HSSFWorkbook();
			ExcelUtil.fillExcelSheetData(dataList, wb, headers, sheetProductName);
			WebUtil.downloadExcel(response, wb, excelProductName);
			return excelProductName;
		} catch (Exception e) {
			log.error("下载excel 发生异常:",e.fillInStackTrace());
		}
		return null;
	}
	
	/**
	 * 上传excel导入数据
	 * @param request
	 * @return
	 */
	@SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
	@RequestMapping(value=prefix+"/excel/upload",method=RequestMethod.POST,consumes=MediaType.MULTIPART_FORM_DATA_VALUE)
	@ResponseBody
	public BaseResponse uploadExcel(MultipartHttpServletRequest request){
		BaseResponse response=new BaseResponse<>(StatusCode.Success);
		try {
			MultipartFile file=request.getFile("productFile");
			if (file==null || file.getName()==null) {
				return new BaseResponse<>(StatusCode.Invalid_Param);
			}
			String fileName=file.getOriginalFilename();
			String suffix=StringUtils.substring(fileName, fileName.lastIndexOf(".")+1);
			if (WorkBookVersion.valueOfSuffix(suffix)==null) {
				return new BaseResponse<>(StatusCode.WorkBook_Version_Invalid);
			}
			log.info("文件名:{} 文件后缀名:{} ",fileName,suffix);
			
			Workbook wb=poiService.getWorkbook(file,suffix);
			List<Product> products=poiService.readExcelData(wb);
			
			//批量插入-第一种方法
			//productService.insertBatch(products);
			
			//批量插入-第二种方法(注意jdbc链接mysql允许批量插入删除的配置)
			productMapper.insertBatch(products);
		} catch (Exception e) {
			log.error("上传excel导入数据 发生异常:",e.fillInStackTrace());
			return new BaseResponse<>(StatusCode.System_Error);
		}
		return response;
	}
	
}

     优化过后的PoiService代码如下:

package com.debug.steadyjack.service;

import java.io.InputStream;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Objects;

import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFWorkbook;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Row;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Sheet;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Workbook;
import org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFWorkbook;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import org.springframework.web.multipart.MultipartFile;

import com.debug.steadyjack.enums.WorkBookVersion;
import com.debug.steadyjack.model.Product;
import com.debug.steadyjack.utils.DateUtil;
import com.debug.steadyjack.utils.ExcelUtil;

@Service
public class PoiService {

	private static final Logger log=LoggerFactory.getLogger(PoiService.class);
	
	/**
	 * 读取excel数据
	 * @param wb
	 * @return
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	public List<Product> readExcelData(Workbook wb) throws Exception{
		Product product=null;
		
		List<Product> products=new ArrayList<Product>();
		Row row=null;
		int numSheet=wb.getNumberOfSheets();
		if (numSheet>0) {
			for(int i=0;i<numSheet;i++){
				Sheet sheet=wb.getSheetAt(i);
				int numRow=sheet.getLastRowNum();
				if (numRow>0) {
					for(int j=1;j<=numRow;j++){
						//TODO:跳过excel sheet表格头部
						row=sheet.getRow(j);
						product=new Product();

						String name=ExcelUtil.manageCell(row.getCell(1), null);
						String unit=ExcelUtil.manageCell(row.getCell(2), null);
						Double price=Double.valueOf(ExcelUtil.manageCell(row.getCell(3), null));
						String stock=ExcelUtil.manageCell(row.getCell(4), null);
						String remark=ExcelUtil.manageCell(row.getCell(6), null);
						
						product.setName(name);
						product.setUnit(unit);
						product.setPrice(price);
						product.setStock(Double.valueOf(stock));
						String value=ExcelUtil.manageCell(row.getCell(5), "yyyy-MM-dd");
						product.setPurchaseDate(DateUtil.strToDate(value, "yyyy-MM-dd"));
						product.setRemark(remark);
						
						products.add(product);
					}
				}
			}
		}
		
		log.info("获取数据列表: {} ",products);
		return products;
	}
	
	/**
	 * 根据版本来区分获取workbook实例
	 * @param version
	 * @return
	 */
	public Workbook getWorkbook(String version,InputStream inputStream) throws Exception{
		Workbook wk=null;
		if (Objects.equals(WorkBookVersion.WorkBook2003.getCode(), version)) {
			wk=new HSSFWorkbook(inputStream);
		}else if (Objects.equals(WorkBookVersion.WorkBook2007.getCode(), version)) {
			wk=new XSSFWorkbook(inputStream);
		}
		
		return wk;
	}
	
	/**
	 * 根据file区分获取workbook实例
	 * @param version
	 * @return
	 */
	public Workbook getWorkbook(MultipartFile file,String suffix) throws Exception{
		Workbook wk=null;
		if (Objects.equals(WorkBookVersion.WorkBook2003Xls.getCode(), suffix)) {
			wk=new HSSFWorkbook(file.getInputStream());
		}else if (Objects.equals(WorkBookVersion.WorkBook2007Xlsx.getCode(), suffix)) {
			wk=new XSSFWorkbook(file.getInputStream());
		}
		
		return wk;
	}
}

     以及需要用到根据上传的文件名来决定获取的WorkBook的实例的WorkBookVersion枚举类:

package com.debug.steadyjack.enums;

import java.util.Objects;

public enum WorkBookVersion {

	WorkBook2003("2003","2003版本workBook"),
	WorkBook2007("2007","2007版本workBook"),
	
	WorkBook2003Xls("xls","xls后缀名结尾-2003版本workBook"),
	WorkBook2007Xlsx("xlsx","xlsx后缀名结尾-2007版本workBook");
	
	private String code;
	private String name;
	
	private WorkBookVersion(String code, String name) {
		this.code = code;
		this.name = name;
	}
	
	public String getCode() {
		return code;
	}
	public void setCode(String code) {
		this.code = code;
	}
	public String getName() {
		return name;
	}
	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}
	
	/*public static WorkBookVersion valueOfVersion(String code){
		if (Objects.equals(WorkBook2003.getCode(), code)) {
			return WorkBook2003;
		}else if (Objects.equals(WorkBook2007.getCode(), code)) {
			return WorkBook2007;
		}else{
			return null;
		}
	}*/

	public static WorkBookVersion valueOfVersion(String version) {
		if (Objects.equals(WorkBook2003.getCode(), version)) {
			return WorkBook2003;
		}else if (Objects.equals(WorkBook2007.getCode(), version)) {
			return WorkBook2007;
		}else{
			return null;
		}
	}
	
	public static WorkBookVersion valueOfSuffix(String suffix) {		
		if (Objects.equals(WorkBook2003Xls.getCode(), suffix)) {
			return WorkBook2003Xls;
		}else if (Objects.equals(WorkBook2007Xlsx.getCode(), suffix)) {
			return WorkBook2007Xlsx;
		}else{
			return null;
		}
	}
}

     到此,就没有了。然后点击项目右键run到tomcat7服务器,可以看到请求了产品的数据列表,搜索,导出数据到Excel以及导入数据到数据并展示在列表中,详细截图如下:

    好了,关于springmvc+spring+mybatis整合框架之poi导入导出excel这一系列就介绍到这里来,相关的源码已经贴在这几篇博客了,有相关问题可以加qq咨询:1948831260

    另外,为了能介绍得更加清楚,我将特意将此录制为两三节小视频来介绍这个小项目,包括ssm框架的通用搭建法,整合poi框架实现导入导出excel以及如何整合easyui框架等等,如果需要,可以加上面qq付费领取(大笑毕竟是自己辛勤付出,总要有点回报!),大概35-50块低价出售:包括项目源码、整体框架搭建的全过程以及实战视频、以及售后指导服务!当然啦,如果有需要定制开发的或者有外包的也可以加我上面qq咨询。

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